DO YOU KNOW?
Each year, kidney disease kills more people than breast or prostate cancer.1
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is defined as any condition that causes reduced kidney function over a period of time. Chronic kidney disease may develop over many years and lead to end-stage kidney (or renal) disease (ESRD).
The five stages of CKD are:
Stage 1: Kidney damage with normal kidney function
Stage 2: Kidney damage with mild loss of kidney function
Stage 3: Mild-to-severe loss of kidney function
Stage 4: Severe loss of kidney function
Stage 5: Kidney failure requiring dialysis or transplant for survival. Also known as ESRD
More you should know:
- The overall prevalence of CKD in the general population is approximately 14 percent.
- High blood pressure and diabetes are the main causes of CKD. Almost half of individuals with CKD also have diabetes and/or self-reported cardiovascular disease (CVD).
- More than 661,000 Americans have kidney failure. Of these, 468,000 individuals are on dialysis, and roughly 193,000 live with a functioning kidney transplant.
- Kidney disease often has no symptoms in its early stages and can go undetected until it is very advanced. (For this reason, kidney disease is often referred to as a “silent disease.”)
1Xu JQ, Murphy SL, Kochanek KD, Bastian BA. Deaths: final data for 2013. www.cdc.govExternal Link Disclaimer. Published February 16, 2016. Accessed December 6, 2016.